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High-temperature multigap superconductivity in two-dimensional metal borides

Authors: Cem Sevik, Jonas Bekaert, Mikhail Petrov, and Milorad V. Milošević

Phys. Rev. Materials 6, 024803

Abstract: Using first-principles calculations in combination with the Eliashberg formalism, we systematically investigated phonon-mediated superconductivity in two-dimensional (2D) metal-boride crystals, consisting of a boron honeycomb network doped by diverse metal elements. Such 2D metal-boride compounds, named MBenes, are chemically exfoliable from single-crystalline layered ternary borides. First we identified the MBene layers with potential for superconductivity via isotropic Eliashberg calculations, considering a wide range of metal elements, with a focus on alkaline earth and transition metals. Subsequently, we performed a detailed analysis of the prominent superconducting MBenes by solving the anisotropic Eliashberg equations. The obtained high critical temperatures (up to 72 K), as well as the rich multigap superconducting behavior, recommend these crystals for further use in multifunctional 2D heterostructures and superconducting device applications.


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