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Zeeman-Effect-Induced 0 − π Transitions in Ballistic Dirac Semimetal Josephson Junctions

Authors: Chuan Li, Bob de Ronde, Jorrit de Boer, Joost Ridderbos, Floris Zwanenburg, Yingkai Huang, Alexander Golubov, and Alexander Brinkman

Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 026802

Abstract: One of the consequences of Cooper pairs having a finite momentum in the interlayer of a Josephson junction is π-junction behavior. The finite momentum can either be due to an exchange field in ferromagnetic Josephson junctions, or due to the Zeeman effect. Here, we report the observation of Zeeman-effect-induced 0π transitions in Bi1xSbx, three-dimensional Dirac semimetal-based Josephson junctions. The large in-plane g factor allows tuning of the Josephson junctions from 0 to π regimes. This is revealed by measuring a π phase shift in the current-phase relation measured with an asymmetric superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). Additionally, we directly measure a nonsinusoidal current-phase relation in the asymmetric SQUID, consistent with models for ballistic Josephson transport.


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